Since we’re in the boating season, especially over the upcoming Fourth of July weekend, new boat owners may need some tips on docking their craft for the first time or maybe many times. As such, here are some tips and techniques that may help you to a smooth docking from the folks at Go Boating Florida, a state where boat owners get to use their crafts a lot more than we do here in the Snowbelt.
Docking especially in a wind, can be easier as you can slow your approach to the dock by reversing your engine's power, head bow in, tie off and then use that line as leverage to pivot in. Docking when the wind is blowing away from the dock is another thing. One thing is for certain…eventually, you will need to slow down and put the boat broadside to the wind. The moving air will then blow you away from the dock, and likely turn the boat. Your options for counteracting this become scarce—especially without the benefits of twin engines, bow thrusters, or a friend on the dock.
On your initial approach you will be almost 90 degrees to the dock. This minimizes the turning effects of the wind. The maneuver requires you to use brief but aggressive use of steering and throttle. Consequently, it must be done skillfully and attentively, firmly but smoothly.
Use the boat's momentum to your advantage. Think of this as 'throwing' your boat at the dock, and throwing it into a skid to get it into the slip. To execute the 'throw' you must first run at the dock, then give the throttle a firm but calculated surge of power as you make your final turn.
Done correctly, the boat will slide into its slip using this rotary motion, coming to a stop at exactly the right spot. It may require several attempts but this is okay. Don't rush it or be rushed by anybody else. You can also 'play the wind' and get the boat into position but this can be trickier—and riskier. Keeping it simple is best.
Lines work…use them. In actual practice, combining the above technique with the aid of a line means you don't have to bank as much on momentum to accomplish the maneuver. One of the best ways to do this is using a double spring line, one end attached at the stern and the other near the bow. Just get close enough to the dock and throw the middle of the line past the dock cleat so you can hook it. You can then move the vessel forward or aft to pull in on either end. Once close enough, just cleat it off somewhere in the middle. Be sure to do it quickly—especially if the wind is strong.
Watch and learn. If a picture is worth a thousand words, a video can be priceless. Watch this video (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BokrBo20Rqo), which demonstrates other techniques and gives some additional tips. Practice is never to be undervalued, and watching more experienced captains can take a lot of the mystery and intimidation out of it.